Bio-diesel and Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)

Bio-Diesel can be used to fuel any diesel engine with little or no modifications required. Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) is a dewatered, filtered form of bio-fuel that can be used in diesel vehicles following a required mechanical conversion. Bio-Diesel is a processed form of vegetable oil or animal fats (lipids) that is less toxic than table salt and bio-degrades faster than sugar. This form of bio-fuel is most commonly produced by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, animal fat (tallow) with methyl or ethyl alcohol. Bio-diesel can be used in its pure form (B100) or mixed in any ratio with regular petroleum diesel to fuel standard diesel engines with little or no modification. In contrast, bio-fuels made from un-reacted straight vegetable oils (SVOs) can only be used in converted diesel engines. Compared to regular fossil diesel, bio-diesel offers significant reductions in air toxins, particulates and other harmful emissions as well as anthropogenic CO_2 contributing to global climate change. A detailed summary of the evaluation of emission results and potential health effects of bio-diesel can be found at the National Biodiesel Board (NBB). See http://www.biodiesel.org/pdf_files/fuelfactsheets/emissions.pdf

By basing this facility on bio-fuels produced and consumed through the recycling of locally available waste oil products, we are offering a truly sustainable alternative fuel option for transportation developed in our own community. For comparison, the energy balance of bio-diesel produced from recycled oil is 7.8:1 versus 3:1 for that produced from virgin soy oil and 0.8:1 for fossil diesel. See http://www.biofuels.coop/education/energy-balance/#abstract

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